The presidentially appointed Kerner Commission reports that "white racism" was at the root of the racial disturbances of 1967 and that the country is heading toward to separate and unequal societies.

Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, TN.

Following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Ralph Abernathy succeeds him as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.

Congress passes civil rights legislation prohibiting racial discrimination in the sale or rental of housing.

Shirley Chisholm of New York becomes the first black woman to win a seat in Congress.

Mississippi law enforcement officials kill two black students at Jackson State College.

Baseball player Hank Aaron hits his 715th home run, breaking Babe Ruth's record, which had stood since 1935.