Four black students stage a sit-in at a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, NC; the sit-in movement to desegregate restaurants, hotels, movie theaters, libraries and parks spread to other southern states.

Under federal protection, James Meredith becomes the first black admitted to the University of Mississippi.

Civil Rights activists led by Martin Luther King, Jr . begin a protest campaign to desegregate Birmingham, AL.

Over 250,000 Americans gather at the Lincoln Memorial to urge passage of Civil Rights legislation and hear Martin Luther King, Jr deliver his "I Have a Dream" speech.

Four black girls are killed when a bomb rips through a Birmingham Baptist church.

Congress passes civil rights legislation designed to end discrimination in public accommodations and employment.