Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier in major league baseball.

The U.S. Supreme Court holds the lower courts can not enforce restrictive covenants used to maintain segregated housing in the United States.

President Harry S. Truman issues an executive order desegregating the armed services.

Satchel Paige, legendary baseball pitcher of the Negro league, finally enters the majors after the "gentlemen's agreement" prohibiting the signing of black players is relaxed.

The Tuskegee Institute reports that for the first time in 71 years no lynching has been reported in the United States.