In October, the National Urban League was organized to help African-Americans secure equal employment and to help southern blacks adjust to the North.

The fiftieth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation was celebrated throughout the year.

Harriet Tubman , former slave, abolitionist, and freedom fighter, died on March 10.

On April 11, the Wilson administration began government-wide segregation of work places, rest- rooms and lunch rooms.

George Washington Carver of the Tuskegee Institute reveals his experiments concerning peanuts and sweet potatoes, popularizing alternative crops and aiding the renewal of depleted land in the South.

Renowned African-American spokesman Booker T. Washington died on November 14.

The U.S. Supreme Court outlaws grandfather clauses used by southern states to disenfranchise black voters.

The United States enters World War I; 300,000 blacks served in the U.S. armed forces during the war, including 1,400 commissioned as officers.