Educator Mary McCleod Bethune founds a college in Daytona Beach, Florida, known today as Bethune-Cookman College.

W.E.B. DuBois and other black delegates gather on the Canadian side of Niagara Falls to adopt resolutions demanding equality in the United States and found the Niagara Movement.

Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2. Marshall was the attorney for the NAACP in the famous case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954), in which the Supreme Court found segregated schools to be inherently unequal. He later became the first African-American appointed to the Supreme Court.

The NAACP is formed on February 12. The NAACP was an organization formed to promote use of the courts to restore the legal rights of black Americans.

Black migration northward begins to increase; between 1910 and 1920, 330,000 African-Americans will leave the south.

The first issue of "Crisis," a publication sponsored by the NAACP and edited by W. E.B. Du Bois, appeared on November 1.

Segregated neighborhoods. On December 19, the City Council of Baltimore approved the first city ordinance designating the boundaries of black and white neighborhoods. This ordinance was followed by similar ones in Dallas, Texas, Greensboro, North Carolina, Louisville, Kentucky, Norfolk, Virginia, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Richmond, Virginia, Roanoke, Virginia, and St. Louis, Missouri. The Supreme Court declared the Louisville ordinance to be unconstitutional in 1917.