On June 15, Henry O. Flipper became the first black American to graduate from West Point.
About 55,000 blacks move to Kansas and other western states in the Exodus Movement.
Segregation of public transportation. Tennessee segregated railroad cars, followed by Florida (1887), Mississippi (1888), Texas (1889), Louisiana (1890), Alabama, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Georgia (1891), South Carolina (1898), North Carolina (1899), Virginia (1900), Maryland (1904), and Oklahoma (1907).Booker T. Washington opens the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. These were the first "Jim Crow" laws.
On October 15, the Supreme Court declared the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. The Court declared that the Fourteenth Amendment forbids states, but not citizens, from discriminating.
Sojourner Truth, a courageous and ardent abolitionist and a brilliant speaker, died on November 26.